The Expanded Core Curriculum
The Expanded Core Curriculum for Students with Visual Impairments (ECC) consists of nine skill areas
that must be assessed and taught specifically for children with visual impairments, above and beyond
the Standard Core Curriculum (reading, writing, P.E., math, sciences, etc.) for all children. Research
shows that these skill areas can become deficits in children with visual impairments unless
specifically taught these skills, adaptive strategies, and given the appropriate environment and
adaptations to ensure success from birth through the transition to life beyond school.
Expanded Core Curriculum Topics:Assistive TechnologyCareer & Vocational EducationCompensatory Skills and Communication/Reading ModesIndependent Living Skills & Personal ManagementOrientation and Mobility SkillsRecreation and Leisure SkillsSelf DeterminationSocial SkillsVisual Efficiency Skills
NINE AREAS of the EXPANDED CORE CURRICULUM
Compensatory Academic Skills, and Communication Modes:
Skills involved in adapting the core curriculum, including: Reading and writing Braille, Tactile symbols, Audio books, etc.
Teenager reading braille at the base of the statue of Helen Keller.
Independent Living Skills:
Specialized skills in all areas of daily life: food preparation, money management, household chores, personal care, etc.
This middle school student shows off shorts created in his Home Economics sewing class.
Recreation and Leisure Skills:
Teaching skills in physical activities, games, and leisure activities.
Elementary Cross Country Runner with High School Running Guide.
Specialized skills are taught for successful work and workplace success. Exposure to leaderships skills, career opportunities, and volunteer opportunities begin at very early ages.
Student visiting Congressman Don Young in Washington, D.C.
Includes skills in using and learning from different forms of technology: audio books, talking computer software, braille notetaker computers, video magnifiers, etc.
Sensory Efficiency Skills:
Teaching students skills to use all of your senses to the greatest capacity, including any remaining vision, use of magnifiers, etc.
Social Interaction Skills:
Learning alternatives to the visual observations involved in appropriate social interactions: gestures, body language, etc.
Ski trip for students and staff with the Program for the Visually Impaired.
Orientation and Mobility:
Keeping oriented to the environment, and traveling safely indoors and outdoors. This includes crossing streets with a cane, traveling on public transportation, etc.
On the move with long white canes.
Skills to enable students to advocate for themselves effectively, and meet their own needs independently.